Periodontal disease is characterized by infections in the gums surrounding one or many teeth. In many cases, patients experience no symptoms, or their symptoms are not obvious or painful enough that they feel the need to seek treatment. Left untreated, however, it can spread to the underlying bone and even cause tooth loss. Some people are more likely to develop periodontal disease than others, such as those who have a hereditary predisposition to gum disease, tobacco users, and of course people with poor oral hygiene habits. Even patients with good oral hygiene can be affected, however, so it's important to visit our Anchorage. AK office twice a year for your professional cleaning and dental exam. We at Nicholas W. Feldman, DDS, MBA offer a range of treatment options to eradicate periodontal disease at every stage of development.
Treating Periodontal Disease
If we discover periodontal disease, we'll begin treatment as soon as possible. Early warning signs of periodontal disease include redness, swelling of gums, and gums that bleed easily during flossing. Regular checkups will help us catch gum disease early which allows us to use easier, more conservative treatments to restore your smile.
Some of the more conservative treatments we can offer are gum irrigation, simple instructions for better brushing and flossing techniques at home, and locally placed antibiotics in areas that are significantly irritated. Often, applying these treatments in the early stages of gum disease can have a phenomenal effect, and we see immediate improvement in gum disease symptoms.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing are also commonly referred to as "conventional periodontal therapy" or "nonsurgical periodontal therapy." This is a kind of deep cleaning procedure recommended for our patients experiencing periodontal disease that doesn't necessitate surgery to treat. Scaling and root planing are done under local anesthesia so we can remove plaque and tartar buildup from above and below the gumline.
Scaling refers to a treatment where we scrape the plaque and hardened tartar from the gumline. During root planing, we smooth the rough spots that have developed on teeth and remove any bacteria, so the gums have a clean surface on the tooth where they can reattach. Scaling and root planing is a common, effective, and relatively simple treatment for periodontal disease.
Surgical Treatments for Periodontal Disease
When periodontal disease has been allowed to progress without treatment for some time, oral surgery may be our best treatment option to stop the disease from spreading and restore your oral health. There are four common surgical treatments for periodontal disease: soft tissue grafts, crown lengthening, bone or tissue regeneration, and pocket depth reduction. It will be up to Dr. Feldman to determine which is the best option to rehabilitate your smile based on the progression of periodontal disease and your overall oral health. Surgical treatments for periodontal disease can greatly improve a patient's chances of keeping their teeth.
If you're in need of treatment for periodontal disease, don't hesitate to call us to set up your consultation at (907) 802-4519, today!